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We have drawn up a list of articles, books and websites that take a closer look at the role of the circular economy as a means to curb climate change. When we put together this collection of links, we made a conscious decision to include contributions that go beyond the aspect of cutting carbon emissions and cover issues such as raw material capacities and the consumption of natural resources. Having said this, though, the list does not claim in any way to be complete.

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  • BGR [Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources]: Deutschland – Rohstoffsituation [Germany – Raw Materials Situation] 2018, 2019 (German) PDF
  • BDE [Federal Association of the German Waste Management Industry]: Weniger Rohstoffabhängigkeit und -importe durch Recycling [Less dependency on and fewer imports of raw materials thanks to recycling], 2020 (German) PDF
  • BDE [Federal Association of the German Waste Management Industry]: Statusbericht der deutschen Kreislaufwirtschaft [Status report on the German circular economy], 2020 (German) PDF
  • BDI [The Federation of German Industries]: Rohstoffversorgung 4.0 – Handlungsempfehlung für eine nachhaltige Rohstoffpolitik im Zeichen der Digitalisierung [Raw materials supply 4.0 – Recommendations for a sustainable raw materials policy in the face of digitisation], 2017 (German) PDF
  • Circular Economy: The Circularity Gap Report 2021 PDF
  • Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Circular Economy Policy Goals – Enabling the Transition to Scale, 2021 PDF
  • Prognos: Perspektiven der thermischen Abfallbehandlung – Roadmap 2040 [The future prospects of thermal waste treatment – 2040 road map], 2020 (German) PDF
  • UBA [Federal Environment Agency]: Stoffstromorientierte Ermittlung des Beitrags der Sekundärrohstoffwirtschaft zur Schonung von Primärrohstoffen und Steigerung der Ressourcenproduktivität [A material flow-oriented assessment of the contribution of the secondary raw material economy towards conserving primary raw materials and growing resource productivity], 2019 (German) PDF
  • UBA [Federal Environment Agency]: Aufwand und Nutzen einer optimierten Bioabfallverwertung hinsichtlich Energieeffizienz, Klima- und Ressourcenschutz [The costs and benefits of optimising organic waste recycling as regards energy efficiency, climate action and resource conservation], 2010 (German) PDF
  • Umweltbundesamt: Klimaschutzpotenziale der Abfallwirtschaft. Am Beispiel von Siedlungsabfällen und Altholz, 2020 PDF
  • World Bank Group: What a Waste 2.0 – A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050, 2018 PDF

Articles on the web

  • European Environment Agency (EEA): Economic losses from climate-related extremes in Europe
    Read article
  • Plastics recycling reaps rewards Read article

Printed literature

  • Faulstich: Circular Economy – Herausforderungen und Perspektiven [Circular Economy – Challenges & Prospects]. In: Nachhaltige Industrie [Sustainable Industry] 2020, p. 12, 2020 (German) Order link
  • Hauck et al.: Klimawandel und Vegetation – Eine globale Übersicht [Climate change and vegetation – A global overview], 2019 (German) Order link
  • Maurer et al.: Phosphor und Phosphatrecycling. Das lebenswichtige Element. [Phosphorus and phosphate recovery. The element essential to life] In: Chemie in unserer Zeit [Chemistry of our time] 52, 2018 (German) Order link


  • The website of the Federal Association of the German Waste Management Industry (German)
  • The official website of the German Environment Agency (UBA), which offers extensive information and its own collection of data
  • A website looking at the subject of sustainability at and by REMONDIS
  • A website about Europe’s largest industrial recycling centre
  • A website dedicated to REMONDIS’ comprehensive educational programme on resource conservation and recycling with free teaching materials (German)