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Would you like to do some research on your own?
We would highly recommend it

We have drawn up a list of articles, books and websites that take a closer look at the role of the circular economy as a means to curb climate change. When we put together this collection of links, we made a conscious decision to include contributions that go beyond the aspect of cutting carbon emissions and cover issues such as raw material capacities and the consumption of natural resources. Having said this, though, the list does not claim in any way to be complete.

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  • BGR [Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources]: Deutschland – Rohstoffsituation [Germany – Raw Materials Situation] 2018, 2019 (German) PDF
  • BMU [Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety]: German Resource Efficiency Programme II - Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources, 2016 PDF
  • BDE [Federal Association of the German Waste Management Industry]: Weniger Rohstoffabhängigkeit und -importe durch Recycling [Less dependency on and fewer imports of raw materials thanks to recycling], 2020 (German) PDF
  • BDE [Federal Association of the German Waste Management Industry]: Statusbericht der deutschen Kreislaufwirtschaft [Status report on the German circular economy], 2020 (German) PDF
  • BDI [The Federation of German Industries]: Rohstoffversorgung 4.0 – Handlungsempfehlung für eine nachhaltige Rohstoffpolitik im Zeichen der Digitalisierung [Raw materials supply 4.0 – Recommendations for a sustainable raw materials policy in the face of digitisation], 2017 (German) PDF
  • Circular Economy: The Circularity Gap Report 2021 PDF
  • Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Circular Economy Policy Goals – Enabling the Transition to Scale, 2021 PDF
  • Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Completing the Picture – How the Circular Economy Tackles Climate Change, 2019 PDF
  • European Commission: Circular Economy Action Plan – For a cleaner and more competitive Europe, 2020 PDF
  • Prognos/BCG: Climate Paths for Germany, 2018 PDF
  • Prognos: Perspektiven der thermischen Abfallbehandlung – Roadmap 2040 [The future prospects of thermal waste treatment – 2040 road map], 2020 (German) PDF
  • UBA [Federal Environment Agency]: Stoffstromorientierte Ermittlung des Beitrags der Sekundärrohstoffwirtschaft zur Schonung von Primärrohstoffen und Steigerung der Ressourcenproduktivität [A material flow-oriented assessment of the contribution of the secondary raw material economy towards conserving primary raw materials and growing resource productivity], 2019 (German) PDF
  • UBA [Federal Environment Agency]: Aufwand und Nutzen einer optimierten Bioabfallverwertung hinsichtlich Energieeffizienz, Klima- und Ressourcenschutz [The costs and benefits of optimising organic waste recycling as regards energy efficiency, climate action and resource conservation], 2010 (German) PDF
  • Umweltbundesamt: Klimaschutzpotenziale der Abfallwirtschaft. Am Beispiel von Siedlungsabfällen und Altholz, 2020 PDF
  • World Bank Group: What a Waste 2.0 – A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050, 2018PDF
  • WWF: Boom in raw materials: between profits and losses, Germany’s ecological footprint of steel and aluminium, 2018 PDF

Articles on the web

  • European Environment Agency (EEA): Economic losses from climate-related extremes in Europe
    Read article
  • gruener-punkt.de: Plastics recycling reaps rewards Read article

Printed literature

  • Faulstich: Circular Economy – Herausforderungen und Perspektiven [Circular Economy – Challenges & Prospects]. In: Nachhaltige Industrie [Sustainable Industry] 2020, p. 12, 2020 (German) Order link
  • Hauck et al.: Klimawandel und Vegetation – Eine globale Übersicht [Climate change and vegetation – A global overview], 2019 (German) Order link
  • Maurer et al.: Phosphor und Phosphatrecycling. Das lebenswichtige Element. [Phosphorus and phosphate recovery. The element essential to life] In: Chemie in unserer Zeit [Chemistry of our time] 52, 2018 (German) Order link


  • The website of the Federal Association of the German Waste Management Industry (German) bde.de
  • The website of Klimaschutz durch Kreislaufwirtschaft, an association that aims to promote and pool together efforts made by the circular economy in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) to curb climate change (German) klima-kreislaufwirtschaft.de
  • Offizielle Website des Umweltbundesamtes mit umfassenden Informationen und eigener Datensammlung umweltbundesamt.de/en
  • A website looking at the subject of sustainability at and by REMONDIS remondis-sustainability.com/en
  • A website about Europe’s largest industrial recycling centre remondis-lippe-plant.com/en
  • A website dedicated to REMONDIS’ comprehensive educational programme on resource conservation and recycling with free teaching materials (German) wertstoffprofis.de